Between October 2015 and August 2016, Power2Youth implemented almost identical national representative perception surveys of young people aged 18-29 in six countries of the South East Mediterranean: Palestine, Morocco, Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt and Tunisia (Table 1). Major topics were education, employment, trust, perception of services and key national institutions, perception of gender roles and gender equality, political interest, civic and political participation, use of social media, use of space and migration, family relations and psychological well-being.
The questionnaires were very similar across countries. While the sampling approach (details on sampling are found in the introductions to the tabulation reports) was not identical in all countries, the results are representative at the national level. Table 1 provides an overview of the realized sample for each country. In all countries taken together, a total of 7,579 young people were successfully interviewed.
• Comparative tabulation report (English and Arabic)
• Palestine tabulation report (English and Arabic)
• Morocco tabulation report (English and Arabic)
• Turkey tabulation report (English and Arabic)
• Lebanon tabulation report (English and Arabic)
• Egypt tabulation report (English and Arabic)
• Tunisia tabulation report (English and Arabic)
The Palestine sample is a stratified two-stage cluster sample of households where 88 clusters were selected with systematic selection with inclusion probabilities proportional to size in the first stage. The sampling frame was that of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), based on the latest Population Census (2007) and PCBS updates. In the second stage, households were selected through a random walk process. In households with youth, one youth was selected using a Kish table.
The Morocco sample is a quota sample with the regional, urban-rural, age and gender distributions in accordance with the 2014 Population Census. The quota also included economic activity (active/inactive) based on the latest labour force survey. When making the actual selection interviewers followed a random walk procedure. Three of the 12 administrative regions with rather small populations in the south-west of the country were merged into one, and interviews were only done in the northern-most of these. The number of youth interviewed in urban areas were split 50-50 between urban and suburban locations.
In Turkey, a stratified sample in several stages was used. Altogether 226 clusters or sampling points representing all regions and metropolitan as well as non-metropolitan and rural districts were visited. At the final stage (in the neighbourhood or village), streets, buildings and dwellings were selected randomly according to random selection tables and finally one youth respondent was selected from within the household using the last birthday method, i.e. selecting the respondent that had his or her birthday most recently.
The sample was allocated proportional to the number of registered voters in each governorate (province) of Lebanon, and then further divided into the 26 districts of Lebanon. The capital city of each district was selected, and then neighbourhoods, stratified according to (dominant) confession, were selected randomly. Within each neighbourhood, households were selected based on systematic random sampling, taking the number of buildings as the point of departure. Within each household, one respondent aged 18-29 was selected, using the next birthday method. Only Lebanese citizens were interviewed.
The Tunisia sample was drawn from the 2014 Census sampling frame, with enumeration areas serving as clusters. The sample was allocated to governorates according to the number of households in each governorate, and clusters were drawn with probability proportionate to size. A total of 120 clusters were selected, with a sampling take of ten households (and youth) per cluster. Within each cluster, households were selected with linear systematic sampling. For selecting youth, a quota system based on gender, age, and labour force status (active vs. inactive) was used. Sampling was continued in a cluster until the quota was reached. One youth was randomly selected per household.
The Egypt sample was drawn from the 2006 census sampling frame of Egypt’s central statistical agency (CAPMAS) using enumeration areas as clusters. The sample was divided into Upper and Lower Egypt and urban and rural, but excluding border governorates with small populations. The governorates of Minya, Sohag and Qena represent Upper Egypt, and the governorates of Kafr El Sheikh, Qaliubiya and Beheira represent Lower Egypt, whilst Cairo and Alexandria make up the urban governorates.
The sample was allocated proportionally to the strata using population as the size measure. A total of 85 clusters were selected with probability proportionate to size, and a random selection of 20 households and four extras was provided by CAPMAS to the survey team, making up a total of 2,040 households. However, since all households do not contain youth in the required age range, the final selection only includes 1,200 youth.